DOI: 10.18413 /2408-932X-2015-1-2-47-59


The article examines the issues associated with the assessment of Peter the Great’s reforms in a historical perspective. The author proceeds from the fact that Peter's reforms were predetermined by the entire course of Russian history in the past decades. She comes to the conclusion that from the two types of reforms, the tsar chose the least optimal one. Having given a powerful impetus to its economic development, Peter, on the contrary, slowed down and stopped political and social development of the state and society as a whole. As a result the cost of the reforms was too high. Therefore two centuries later it led to three Russian revolutions and the need for the next leap, coupled with the considerable loss.
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