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DOI: 10.18413/2408-932X-2019-5-1-0-8

STRAKHOV’s ANTHROPOLOGY OF THE SUBJECT: THE EXPERIENCE OF RECONSTRUCTION

The article provides a preliminary analysis of the philosophical and psychological views of the Russian thinker of the XIX century Nikolai Strakhov on the problem of the subject. His reflections and conclusions are the experience of deep anthropology of personality which remain relevant in our time. The Strakhov’s approach was based on the Cartesian "cogito, ergo sum", but was supplemented by his peculiar provisions regarding the role of man as a "spectator of the world" and his central position in the system of the universe. The phenomenon of the subject was considered by Strakhov negatively and cannot be represented in terms of positive knowledge. The peculiarity of Strakhov’s anthropology can be considered in the context of not only later phenomenology, but also of the actual "postmodern" view of the problem of subjectivity.

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