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DOI: 10.18413/2408-932X-2024-10-1-1-1

Transformation of traditional Chinese music under the influence of Western music in the Qing Dynasty

The relevance of this article is justified by understanding the theory of modernization of modern Chinese music, which is initially focused on the preservation of traditional cultural values. Discussing the emergence of the "New Music" of China, theorists turn to the process of transformation of traditional Chinese ritual music under the influence of Western music of the Romantic era during the reign of the Qing Dynasty. Although the positions of modern scientists on this issue may differ in some points, they agree on one thing – the musical transformation in Chinese music became possible as a result of the Opium War, which opened China's borders to Western cultural influences. How can we determine the meaning of this transformation? The use of comparative analysis made it possible to compare the musical genres of China before and after the Opium War. This comparison led to the conclusion that under the influence of Western music, traditional Chinese musical forms began to express real, rather than etiquette feelings, emotions and experiences of people. At the same time, folk music, recitative, opera and instrumental music have received the greatest development.

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